} Meanwhile, in an innovation for Somalia, six opposition parties have formed a coalition, the Forum for National Parties (FNP), in order to broaden their appeal. During this period, the economy has contracted by a third, making CAR one of the poorest countries in Africa, with a per capita income of under $300. The government and … script.setAttribute("async", true); The headline of Togo’s presidential elections is President Faure Gnassingbé’s efforts to stay in power for a fourth term—and extending the hold his family has had on the presidency since 1967. This is likely to be highly divisive and potentially explosive. The Central African Republic announced that the next presidential election will be held on Sunday, December 27, 2020. Russia has dramatically increased its engagement in CAR since 2018 with the deployment of 235 Russian security instructors primarily from the private military contractor, the Wagner Group. (Photo: AP/Jerome Delay). The process of democratic consolidation is a long one.… Progress cannot be taken for granted, lest previous gains be lost. Key to the success of any agreement will be overcoming Somalia’s winner-take-all political culture that has led successive national governments to eschew compromise and attempts to build inclusive coalitions. Current president Faure Gnassingbé, who has been in power since 2005 when his father died, is expected to extend his rule as he’s now expected to be the sole candidate on the ballot. by Rasheed Sobowale. This has resulted in hundreds of reported deaths and an estimated 2.8 million displaced. African elections in 2020 will be a test against efforts to erode presidential term limits and other democratic checks and balances, with direct consequences for stability on the continent. The former leaders’ parties organized a major joint rally in Abidjan in August 2019 despite their lack of common ground. A graduate of the International Insurance Institute of Yaoundé (IIA) Ziguelé is an insurance expert. In January 2019, Alain Lobognan, a parliamentarian close to Soro, was arrested and sentenced to a year in jail and fined about $520 for posting a “fake news tweet.”. The Central African Republic (CAR) is making progress as it prepares for presidential and legislative elections in December, but the political situation is still fragile - and security conditions volatile - amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, UN peacekeeping chief Jean-Pierre Lacroix said on Monday. The upcoming presidential and legislative elections, scheduled to take place in December 2020, could also lead to further instability, as opposition leaders and parties are already gearing up to face off with incumbent President Faustin-Archange Touadera. Tensions are building ahead of presidential and legislative elections this month in Central African Republic, amid friction between rival candidates and increasing violence by armed groups that still control much of the country despite a peace agreement signed almost two years ago.. In 2019, it experienced 437 violent episodes involving extremist groups, resulting in 1,270 fatalities. Will winners pursue national or parochial interests once in office? This cannot be taken for granted, however. Although clashes between the armed forces and ex-Seleka coalition persist and arms continue to flow into the country from Sudan and Chad, violence has declined and humanitarian access has increased since the deal was signed. President Alassane Ouattara, who has led the country’s post-war rejuvenation, completes his second term in 2020. Somali politicians, meanwhile, have adroitly cultivated Gulf allies to earn millions of dollars by promising help to win contracts or by positioning themselves as candidates likely to win an election. In the Central African Republic, the smooth conduct of the December 2020 elections will be essential for the country's stability. The top court in the Central African Republic (CAR) has rejected the candidacy of former President Francois Bozize in the December 27 election. Opposition leaders say the legislative changes would effectively criminalize political activity. Should the election go to a second round and the opposition join forces, they would have a strong chance of winning a majority of votes. English UN Document on Central African Republic about Mine Action, Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding, Flood and more; published on 14 Feb 2020 by UN SC As with any transition, before new norms and institutions can be established, the example set by leaders will be enormously influential. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { Nonetheless, the negotiation presents an opportunity to address the fundamental governance conundrum facing Somalia in a highly decentralized and clan-based society. The differences have frayed trust and resulted in declining levels of cooperation between Mogadishu and the outlying regions. Some efforts to build cross-ethnic and cross-regional coalitions have begun. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); As of January 2020 the Presidential election was anticipated for 27 December 2020 (runoff 14 Febebruary 2021); and National Assembly voting in the Feb/Mar 2021 timeframe. Russia’s biggest aluminum company, Rusal, owns a major bauxite mine in Guinea and gets a quarter of its bauxite from the country. Former President François Bozizé returned to CAR on December 16, 2019, and may be a candidate under his party, Kwa na Kwa. Central African Republic President Touadera Announces Second Term Bid By Reuters , Wire Service Content Sept. 26, 2020 By Reuters , Wire Service Content Sept. 26, 2020, at 2:06 p.m. An increased security presence is likely at any election-related event. Togo will hold the first African presidential election of the year on Feb. 22. Burkina Faso has experienced a rapid escalation of violent events involving militant Islamist groups in recent years. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); The Somali electoral process must also navigate the competition for influence by Gulf actors. The situation in the Central African Republic has seen a general decline in violence — “a tangible outcome of the Political Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation”, signed in Bangui in February 2019. Facebook Doubts persist however, on whether Central African Republic presidential elections set for December 27 … Will all sides realize that losing an election in a democracy does not mean that one is relegated to oblivion, but rather that it has experienced a temporary setback and an opportunity to continue to rally more supporters to its position? There have been significant protests in Togo of the Gnassingbé’s dynastic rule, given the president’s father seized control himself in 1967. The margin in the 2012 elections was particularly close, involving an appeal and a Supreme Court ruling to determine the winner. Local elections have not been held in decades, he said holding them would go a long way towards strengthening decentralization and local governance. Consequently, the strong link between governance and security in Africa will be on full display in 2020. Africa’s 2020 elections are clustered in West Africa (with 6 elections), the Horn (Ethiopia and Somalia), and the Great Lakes (Burundi and Tanzania). Togo’s electoral playing field is unbalanced, with the Independent National Electoral Commission, judiciary, and state media led by loyalists to Faure Gnassingbé. The expectation is that Condé would use any such amendment as a pretext to justify a bid for a third term. Bédié and Gbagbo hail from the relatively more prosperous and Christian south, which has traditionally held power in the country to the exclusion of the more rural and largely Muslim north. Less than nine months since rebel groups in Central African Republic signed a peace deal with the government, violence is once again on the rise in the countryside and opposition to the agreement is building ahead of next year’s presidential elections. The fluid context, volatile security environment, and evolving political institutions suggest there will likely be multiple twists and turns right up to the November elections, with an outcome that remains uncertain. On 19 July 2019, the National Assembly adopted the electoral code amended after the decision of the Constitutional Court of 5 June to the effect that some aspects of the code were unconstitutional. Mahama won when the two ran against each other in 2012. 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