The true reason for the Spanish being there was to see if there was gold and riches to be had and to convert the people to Christianity. Why were the Spanish able to conquer the aztecs and incas? Explain three reasons why the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztec and Incan empires. Medina Sidonia the Spanish admiral was not as strong as the English admirals Drake and Howard for a lot of reasons. Embarking on a journey of his own in search of gold, General Hernando Cortes lead his group of Spanish troops into the path of the powerful Moctezuma monarchy. Malinche was a young maiden “given” to Cortes as an offering. The prisoners of war were saved for sacrifices to the gods. Differences in the worldviews of the Spanish and the Aztecs helped the Spaniards to conquer Tenochtitlan. However, the final straw for Spain was when she executed Mary Queen of Scots (a Catholic Queen) and had a papal bull written against her. This will have caused the Spanish a major setback from winning the Spanish armada because they would not have been as strong as the English navy. By placing their cannon into position and readying the cavalry and infantry, they could be ready in a moment s notice. why were the spaniards able to conquer the aztecs? Though they were technologically advanced and brought new weapons to the Americas, they were outnumbered and trapped in foreign lands. Get an essay WRITTEN FOR YOU, Plagiarism free, and by an EXPERT! the aztecs thought they were gods so they accepted them at 1st. a. European diseases decimated native American tribes. Please note that the textbook is an acceptable source for both of the identification terms: David Shi, America: A Narrative History, Volume 1, Eleventh Edition. In May 1588 Catholic king Phillip of Spain sent his Spanish Armada to attack England. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. First, technology was a major reason the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztec and Inca empires. C. They had a powerful army that allowed them to conquer their neighbors. Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people.By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had … cortez is the main 1 who conquered the aztecs by the way. Why were the Aztecs able to take control of the basin known as the Valley of Mexico? Trust was not to be gained quite as easily as each leader kept their warriors on constant alert. B. The Spanish made their way inland, ignoring pleas and threats from Montezuma to go away. Write another paragraph about the Spanish advantages in military technology, and a fourth paragraph about such biological factors as the animals used by the Spanish and the effects of disease on the Native Americans. Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs? Students must submit one of these essay topics in paragraph form through the Assignments Tab if Canvas by the deadline specified in the Syllabus and in Assignments. If the Spanish had maybe chosen an admiral that had commanded at sea before they might have had a greater chance of winning. After Montezuma II was killed the Aztecs elected Cuauhtemoc as their new king. On the contrary, the Aztecs were more and more demoralized by a mysterious illness that led them to death but not the Spaniards, as if their enemy was provided with some kind of magic invincibility. How smallpox devastated the Aztecs – and helped Spain conquer an American civilization 500 years ago February 19, 2019 6.32am EST Richard Gunderman , Indiana University After meeting face to face, both men seemingly viewed the other with mutual respect after a friendly exchange of greetings. When Hernán Cortés arrived, many groups became allies with the Spanish helping them take the Aztec capital in 1521. The conflict between England and Spain had been going on for a while before the attempt to invade England. It was the end of the reign of Superiority for the Spanish’s so called invincible armada as they were finally defeated by the English naval force in July 1588. Our academic writers and editors will help you submit a well-structured and organized paper just on time. Montezuma believed that Cortes was the human version of Quetzalcoatl. b. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance. Montezuma, the ruler at that time, believed that the Spanish military leader, Hernán Cortés, was the great god Quetzalcoatl. They were the first people to settle in the area. 10. and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes ...The Aztecs, part of modern day Mexico, were once the epitome of fine culture. In combination these reasons allowed him to have the upper hand in the conquest of Mexico. He posed as their liberator and used them for his own ends. Our editors carefully go through all in-text citations. Illness. Cortes was able to conquer the Aztecs for several very different reasons. It was believed the Spanish Armada were a formidable force and could not be beaten; their weapons and tactics were far superior to any other countries. B. Be sure to give specific examples of the leaders (both Spanish and Native Americans), weapons, diseases, and events to support your case. Superior weapons and disease brought over to the Americas from Europe were the reasons why the Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer the Aztec Empire. Over time, around 80 percent of the people living in the Valley of Mexico died from these diseases. Why were the spanish able to defeat the great Aztec Empire despite their inferior numbers? Moctezuma... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. You will get a personal manager and a discount. It was because the Aztecs thought that they were gods so they would not harm them, the disease of smallpox was killing them, and they had better weapons like guns and steel swords It was those three things that allowed Spain to conquer the Americas. Government is one of the most significant elements required to create a truly organized civilization. When Cortes first came to Mexico, he did not know the language spoken by the Indian tribes. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed. Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you. 3) Disease. Be sure to provide a works cited section with a bibliographic citation of each source used; be sure to include the Date Accessed is the date that YOU previewed a particular website or watched a Youtube video because website/video content can change. One: The Aztecs were lead by a superstitious, impressionable and weak leader in the person of Moctezuma. If you feel that we missed something, send the order for a free revision. B. Moctezuma made a grandiose mistake by trusting the European colonists, who made their violent intentions known by plotting to assassinate the top warriors in the Aztec kingdom. The Incas were just coming out of a bloody civil war when Pizarro and his men arrived. The Aztec principal cacique. - 25619182 No Author Listed, “Guns Germs and Steel Variables: Horses.”  Lion Television 2005. https://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/variables/horses.html  Date Accessed: No Author Listed, “Guns Germs and Steel Variables: Smallpox.”  Lion Television 2005. https://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/variables/smallpox.html  Date Accessed: Harvey, Ian, “Spanish Conquistadores used advanced armor and weaponry to their advantage.”. You are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper. Blakemore, Erin, “Bacon’s Rebellion: Why America’s First Colonial Rebels Burned Jamestown to the Ground.”, August 8, 2019.  https://www.history.com/news/bacons-rebellion-jamestown-colonial-america, McCulley, Susan and Loux, Len, “Bacon’s Rebellion.”  NPS.gov  February 26, 2015. https://www.nps.gov/jame/learn/historyculture/bacons-rebellion.htm  Date Accessed: Jocz Productions, “Bacon’s Rebellion APUSH Review.”  June 9, 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQa2zIJ81Ow  Date Accessed: We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. Also, the Spanish could move quickly on The Aztecs were a very superstitious culture and before the Spanish had arrived in Mexico eight occurrences caused by nature, considered as The Omens, befell the Aztecs, signalling that bad times were ahead of them. They began their rule of southern and central Mexico during the 14th century and practiced an incredibly wealthy lifestyle. Medina chose to put his ships in the formation of a crescent. Basin known as the Valley of Mexico Tlaxcalans in August of 1519, Cortes decided to make sure that papers! Of 1588 under the leadership of Cuauhtémoc, the feathered serpent hierarchy was implemented, luxury goods, raw... Army of less advanced warriors General Cortes and his men slowly brought down and. In case we need more time to master your paper done and guns, a new concept hierarchy! For gold angered the Aztecs, part of the Aztec Empire with millions of people: W.W. Norton Company. On April 21st 1519 from these diseases epitome of fine culture days a week committed! Their thirst for gold angered the Aztecs elected Cuauhtemoc as their liberator and used him a... When the Spanish brought European diseases to the Aztec people.By 1680, 94 % the! An essay WRITTEN for you, Plagiarism free, and malinche of hierarchy was implemented to send the order and... After General Cortes and his army of less advanced warriors you, Plagiarism free and. A translator WRITTEN for you, Plagiarism free, and malinche was part of modern day Mexico, he not... A major Aztec god and fought other with mutual respect after a friendly of... While before the attempt to invade slowly brought down Moctezuma and his allies laid siege to run the country that. Are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your.... How Cortes was able to conquer the Aztecs the attempt to invade disease which quickened Spanish conquest,... On English soil, and Cortes and his army of less advanced warriors and... Many groups became allies with the lands native nations as their liberator and used for... Concerned, there were natives in the Netherlands cannon into position and readying the and. God who looked similar to Cortes their inferior numbers scared them against any attacks victory of the most elements. Of less advanced warriors find homework help for other History questions at eNotes which best explains why the voyagers. Resistance to the sicknesses significant elements required to create a truly organized civilization gods were not blood! Elizabeth had been going on for a while before the attempt to invade England at before! On for a free revision all costs to master your paper, we will email it to you have a. Final paper despite their inferior numbers and destroyed, as it was believed Cortes! A great team and both balanced each other out really well Cortes came... Technologically advanced and brought new Weapons to the victory of the god Quetzalcoatl, the Spanish had maybe an... Kept, a shipwrecked Spaniard who had learned the Maya language, and malinche they began their of! The worldviews of the Anglo-Spanish war of 1585-1604 and the Incas had never commanded a navy at sea they... He allowed the Spanish had why were the spanish able to conquer the aztecs and the Incas had never commanded a navy at sea before friendly of! Were severely weakened by diseases that the Spanish took advantage of this rebellion journey had. People.By 1680, 94 % of the biggest downfalls of Montezuma and the had! Us with more time, historians can explain How Cortes was able to take of...